Publications Summary

Document Type
Analytical Studies
Publication Topic(s)
Fertility and Fertility Preferences
Ghana, Kenya, Senegal, Zimbabwe
Recommended Citation
Blanc, Ann K. and Prosper V. Poukouta. 1997. Components of Unexpected Fertility Decline in Sub-Saharan Africa. DHS Analytical Reports No. 5. Calverton, Maryland, USA: Macro International
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Publication Date
September 1997
Publication ID


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The statistical relationship derived from a linear regression of contraceptive prevalence on the total fertility rate indicates that an increase of 15 percentage points in contraceptive prevalence among married women is associated with a decline of about one child in the total fertility rate. The purpose of this report is to examine the situation in four countries in sub-Saharan Africa- Ghana, Kenya, Senegal, and Zimbabwe - which appear to deviate substantially from this expected pattern. These are countries in which fertility has declined by a greater amount than would be expected on the basis of increases in contraceptive prevalence.


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