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Spatial variation in the non-use of modern contraception and its predictors in Bangladesh
Authors: Nuruzzaman Khan, M.D. and Melissa L. Harris
Source: Scientific Reports, Volume 13, Article number 13814; DOI:
Topic(s): Contraception
Country: Asia
Published: AUG 2023
Abstract: This study aimed to investigate spatial variations in the non-use of modern contraception in Bangladesh and identify associated individual, household, and community-level factors. The analysis utilized data from 16,135 women, extracted from the 2017/18 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey. The study's main outcome was the prevalence of non-use of modern contraception (yes or no), while the explanatory variables included factors at the individual, household, and community level. To assess geographical heterogeneity in non-use of modern contraception, Moran's I statistics were applied. Additionally, the Gettis-Ord Gi* was calculated to measure spatial autocorrelation differences across various study locations. The relationship between non-use of modern contraception and location was further explored using a geographically weighted regression model at the cluster level. The results indicated that 42.8% (95% CI 41.6–43.8) of respondents reported non-use of modern contraception in Bangladesh, with significant variation across geographical locations (p?