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To what extent classic socio-economic determinants explain trends of anaemia in tribal and non-tribal women of reproductive age in India? Findings from four National Family Heath Surveys (1998–2021)
Authors: Jyoti Ghosal, Madhusmita Bal, Manoranjan Ranjit?, Arundhuti Das, Manas Ranjan Behera, Sudhir Kumar Satpathy, Ambarish Dutta and Sanghamitra Pati
Source: BMC Public Health, Volume 23; DOI:
Topic(s): Anemia
Country: Asia
Published: MAY 2023
Abstract: Background: Despite unprecedented socio-economic growth experienced by Indians in the past few decades, and a long history of anti-anaemia public health measures, prevalence of anaemia in Indian non-pregnant women of reproductive age group (NPWRA) has not declined. This warrants a firm understanding of what explains the anaemia situation over time, preferably by sub-populations. Therefore, we aimed to examine the trends of anaemia in tribal NPWRA (least privileged) and compare with the trends in the NPWRA of general caste (most privileged) between 1998 to 2021. Additionally, the study also explored explanation of any decline and tribal/general narrowing of these trends. Methods: We studied four rounds of National Family Health Survey (1998–99, 2005–06, 2015–16, 2019–21). We examined the trend of anaemia (haemoglobin?