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Difference of sociodemographic characteristics among the disabled population in Cambodia: a cross-sectional study of the demographic and health survey data
Authors: Kanika Kep, Yurie Kobashi , Erica Jynn Abarca Lopez, Masaharu Tsubokura, and Manabu Okawada
Source: Journal of Rural Medicine, Volume 17, issue 2; DOI:10.2185/jrm.2021-012
Topic(s): Health equity
Rural-urban differentials
Country: Asia
Published: APR 2022
Abstract: Objective: There is an urgent need to raise awareness of the significance of the social security system for vulnerable populations in developing countries and identify the widening disparities among people with disabilities. This study determined the sociodemographic characteristics of people with disabilities in Cambodia. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. Data from the Cambodia Demographic and Health Survey were used to determine the association between disability and sociodemographic characteristics such as age, gender, number of family members, residence (rural/urban), and economic status. Results: The results showed that the proportion of people with disabilities greatly increased with age. The rural-urban residence difference affected the disability proportion in univariate analysis; however, the effect was not significant after adjusting for covariables in multivariate analysis. The odds of having a disability were 0.85 times lower for the high economic status group than for the low economic status group. Conclusion: Raising awareness to expand the capacity of social support for older adults with disabilities, especially those who do not receive care from their families, may be an urgent issue in Cambodia. Therefore, a well-designed and disease-specific study is required. This study was the first to determine the sociodemographic disparities among people with disabilities in Cambodia.