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Magnitude and factors associated with iron supplementation among pregnant women in Southern and Eastern Regions of Ethiopia: Further Analysis of mini demographic and health survey 2019
Authors: Girma Teferi Mengistu, Bizunesh Kefale Mengistu, Tolesa Gemeda Gudeta, Ayana Benti Terefe, Fedhesa Mamo Habtewold, Mebratu Demissie Senbeta, Seboka Abebe Sori and Hirut Dinku Jiru
Source: BMC Nutrition, Volume 8, issue 66; DOI:
Topic(s): Anemia
Iron supplements
Maternal health
Country: Africa
Published: JUL 2022
Abstract: Background: Anemia is a global public health problem that affects pregnant women. The most common cause of anemia is iron deficiency which is extremely common in developing countries. World health organization reported that 36.5% of pregnant women are anemic globally. In Ethiopia, 27.08% of women of the reproductive age group are anemic. Therefore, this study aimed to identify the magnitude and factors associated with iron supplementation during pregnancy in the southern and eastern regions of Ethiopia. Methods: The data used in this analysis were extracted from Mini Demographic and Health Survey 2019. The survey was conducted in 9 regional states and two city administrations. The data used in the analysis were extracted from individual women datasets, and 1780 study participants were included in this study. The logistic regression analysis including bivariate and multivariable logistic regression at a 95% confidence interval and a p-value less than 0.05 was used. Result: The finding of the study shows that iron supplementation during pregnancy in Southern and Eastern parts of Ethiopia was 50.06%. Among those who received iron, only about 20% took it for 90 days and more during their pregnancy. Iron supplementation among the pregnant women was affected by secondary education [AOR?=?2.20, 95%CI (1.325, 3.638)], residing in urban [AOR?=?1.75, 95%CI (1.192, 2.574)], having media at home [AOR?=?1.41, 95%CI (1.022, 1.946)], having antenatal care follow up [AOR?=?9.27, 95%CI (4.727, 18.169)], having 4 and more ANC follow up [AOR?=?2.01, 95%CI (1.468,2.760], having antenatal care follow up at government health institutions [AOR?=?3.40, 95%CI (1.934, 5.982)], and giving birth at governmental health institutions [AOR?=?1.70, 95%CI (1.236, 2.336)]. Conclusion: Only one in two pregnant women was supplemented with iron during their recent pregnancy. The supplementation was affected by women's education, place of residence, presence of media at home, antenatal care follow-up, the number of antenatal care follow up, antenatal care follows up at governmental health institutions, and giving birth at the governmental health institution. The availability and accessibility of maternal care services and their functionality in providing maternal care services improve the supplementation.