|Community and individual level determinants and spatial distribution of deworming among preschool age children in Ethiopia: spatial and multi-level analysis|
||Daniel Gashaneh Belay, Melaku Hunie Asratie, Moges Gashaw, Nuhamin Tesfa Tsega, Mastewal Endalew and Fantu Mamo Aragaw
||BMC Public Health, Volume 22, issue 872; DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-022-13249-y
Soil-transmitted helminths caused millions of morbidity of preschool age children in sub-Saharan Africa with low socio-economic status and lack of clean water and sanitation. In Ethiopia, nearly half of children are affected by intestinal parasites. Despite this prevalence, deworming medication utilization among preschool age children is low. Hence, this study aimed to assess the community and individual level determinants and spatial distributions of deworming among preschool age children in Ethiopia.
Crossectional collected 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey datasets with a total weighted 8146 children 12–59?months old were used for this study. The data were cleaned, extracted, and analyzed using STAT Version 16 software and exported to MS excel for spatial analysis. In addition, ArcGIS and SaTScan software were used to detect the geographic distribution of deworming utilization among preschool age children.
The magnitude of deworming among preschool age children in Ethiopia was 13.32% (95% CI: 12.60, 14.08) and ranges from the lowest 3.34% (95% CI: 1.01, 10.45) Afar region to the highest 28.66% (95% CI:24.95, 32.69) Tigray region. In multilevel multivariable logistics regression analysis; variables such as secondary and above women education [AOR?=?1.89; 95%CI; 1.32, 2.73], women who have occupation [AOR?=?1.47; 95%CI; 1.23, 1.76], child with 12–23?months old [AOR?=?2.00; 95%CI; 1.62, 2.46], having ANC visit [AOR?=?1.68; 95%CI; 1.35, 2.08], households that have media exposure [AOR?=?1.50; 95%CI; 1.22, 1.85] were significantly associated with deworming among preschool age children. Afar, Eastern Amhara, Dire Dewa, Harari, Somalia, and Eastern SNNPE regions were cold spot regions with Global Moran’s I value 0.268 (p?0.0001) for deworming of preschool age children.
The prevalence of deworming among preschool age children in Ethiopia is relatively low. Individual-level factors such as; maternal education and occupation, having ANC visit, child age, household media exposure, and community-level variables such as; community media usage had a significant association with deworming among preschool age children in Ethiopia. These findings highlight that, the Ministry of Health (MOH) Ethiopia should prepare a regular campaign for deworming programs for preschool age children. Mass media promotion of deworming should be strengthened. The Ministry of Education should work to strengthen women’s education, household and community media exposure. Prior attention should be given to low deworming regions such as Afar, Somalia, Diredewa, and Harari regions.