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Son preference, gender asymmetries and parity progressions: the case of Kyrgyzstan
Authors: Konstantin Kazenin
Source: Asian Population Studies, DOI:
Topic(s): Fertility
Son preference
Country: Asia
  Kyrgyz Republic
Published: OCT 2021
Abstract: The paper considers son preference effects ?n actual fertility behaviour in Kyrgyzstan, a post-Soviet country of Central Asia. Using data from the DHS2012 and DHS1997, I argue that risks of transitions to parities from the second to the fifth are significantly higher among women with no sons. Furthermore, the relation of risks of parity progressions to sex composition of children already born is not generally stronger in families with strict gender asymmetries. Attempting to explain this, I show that in such families, contraceptive use is less frequent – and that could complicate the implementation of son preference in such families and weaken their expected contrast with other families in the role of son preference for fertility outcomes. The possibility also is discussed that son preference may be supported by factors not related to family-internal norms, such as the need for all families to have a male heir for securing family wealth.