|HIV Testing among General Population with Sexually Transmitted Infection: Findings from Myanmar Demographic and Health Survey (2015–16)|
||Kyaw Lwin Show, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Khine Wut Yee Kyaw, Khin Thet Wai, San Hone, and Htun Nyunt Oo
||Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health, 10(1): 82-85; DOI: 10.2991/jegh.k.191206.002
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
||Background: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) testing and counseling is recommended for people with Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs). In Myanmar, HIV testing and its predictors among those with STI in general population is unknown.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional study using secondary data from Myanmar demographic and health survey 2015–16. We included all women and men aged 15–49 years that reported having STI in the past 12 months. Self-reported HIV testing and its predictors were assessed (using modified Poisson regression with robust variance estimates). We have provided weighted estimates as the analyses were weighted for the multistage sampling design.
Results: Of 998 self-reported STIs, 96 [9.6%, 95% confidence interval (CI): 7.5, 12.1] had been tested for HIV in the past 12 months. Respondents who were residing in hilly regions [adjusted prevalence ratio (aPR): 2.28, 95% CI: 1.29, 4.04] were more likely to have taken the HIV test. However, people in the poorest quintile (aPR: 0.34, 95% CI: 0.12, 0.96) and those who were staying at the current residence for more than 12 months (aPR: 0.45, 95% CI: 0.25, 0.79) were less likely to have taken HIV test.
Conclusion: There is a necessity to promote HIV literacy and HIV testing among those with STI with focus on the poorest populations.
Keywords: Cross-sectional survey, Demographic Health Survey, HIV testing, sexually transmitted diseases, risk factors, Structured Operational Research and Training Initiative (SORT IT)