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Geographic Coverage of Male Circumcision in Western Kenya
Authors: Adam Akullian, Mathews Onyango, Daniel Klein, Jacob Odhiambo, and Anna Bershteyn
Source: Medicine (Baltimore), 96(2): e5885; DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000005885
Topic(s): Circumcision
Men's health
Country: Africa
Published: JAN 2017
Abstract: Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision (VMMC) for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention has scaled up rapidly among young men in western Kenya since 2008. Whether the program has successfully reached uncircumcised men evenly across the region is largely unknown. Using data from two cluster randomized surveys from the 2008 and 2014 Kenyan Demographic Health Survey (KDHS), we mapped the continuous spatial distribution of circumcised men by age group across former Nyanza Province to identify geographic areas where local circumcision prevalence is lower than the overall, regional prevalence. The prevalence of self-reported circumcision among men 15 to 49 across six counties in former Nyanza Province increased from 45.6% (95% CI = 33.2-58.0%) in 2008 to 71.4% (95% CI = 67.4-75.0%) in 2014, with the greatest increase in men 15 to 24 years of age, from 40.4% (95% CI = 27.7-55.0%) in 2008 to 81.6% (95% CI = 77.2-85.0%) in 2014. Despite the dramatic scale-up of VMMC in western Kenya, circumcision coverage in parts of Kisumu, Siaya, and Homa Bay counties was lower than expected (P < 0.05), with up to 50% of men aged 15 to 24 still uncircumcised by 2014 in some areas. The VMMC program has proven successful in reaching a large population of uncircumcised men in western Kenya, but as of 2014, pockets of low circumcision coverage still existed. Closing regional gaps in VMMC prevalence to reach 80% coverage may require targeting specific areas where VMMC prevalence is lower than expected.