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The effect of maternal health service utilization in early initiation of breastfeeding among Nepalese mothers
Authors: Umesh Ghimire
Source: International Breastfeeding Journal , 14: 33; DOI: 10.1186/s13006-019-0228-7
Topic(s): Breastfeeding
Health care utilization
Maternal health
Country: Asia
Published: JUL 2019
Abstract: Background The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends early initiation of breastfeeding and exclusive breastfeeding for six months. Understanding the association of maternal health services and early initiation of breastfeeding might be useful on prioritizing the health services to promote early breastfeeding practices. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between utilization of maternal health services and early initiation of breastfeeding among Nepalese mothers. Methods Nationally representative data from the 2016 Nepal Demographic Health Survey (NDHS) was used to determine the association between early initiation of breastfeeding and variables related to maternal health services utilization. Association was measured by using Chi-square test followed by calculation of adjusted odds ratio (AOR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) using multivariable logistic regression analysis. Results Out of 1,978 children, 55% were breastfed within an hour of birth. Early initiation of breastfeeding was associated among mothers who delivered at the health facilities (AOR 2.22; 95% CI 1.36, 3.60). Mothers who had a vaginal birth (AOR 6.70; 95% CI 4.30, 10.42) were significantly more likely to breastfeed within an hour of birth compared to mothers who had caesarean delivery. The odds of initiating early breastfeeding were higher among mothers from Province 5 (AOR 1.59; CI 1.02, 2.48), Province 6 (AOR 2.58; 95% CI 1.41,4.69) and Province 7 (AOR 2.30; CI 1.36, 3.87). Conclusions Health facility delivery and a vaginal delivery were strongly associated with early initiation of breastfeeding. It is vital to intensify maternal health service up to the community to aware pregnant women to utilize maternal health services to improve breastfeeding practices. Skilled Birth Attendant (SBA) training should include comprehensive breastfeeding counselling package to motivate mothers to initiate early breastfeeding especially for mothers having caesarean delivery.