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Prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Its Sociodemographic, Knowledge and Behavioral Predictors among Women: A Cross-Sectional Population-Based Survey in Ivory Coast
Authors: Djibril M. Ba, Anna E. Ssentongo, Traore Metahan and Paddy Ssentongo
Source: Journal of Prevention & Treatment of HIV/AIDS, 2(2): 1-6
Topic(s): HIV/AIDS
Sexual behavior
Country: Africa
  Cote d’Ivoire [Ivory Coast]
Published: OCT 2018
Abstract: Objective: To delineate risk factors associated with the disproportionately high prevalence of HIV/AIDS in women of Ivory Coast. Methods: Univariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to explore dependent and independent predictors of HIV seropostivity in 4655 women aged 15-49 years. Results: Prevalence of HIV was 4.5%. Independent predictors of HIV seropostivity were: age 35-49 year (aOR=2.41, 95% CI: 1.51-3.85), being widowed or divorced or separated (aOR=3.30, 95%CI: 1.88-5.79) and having knowledge of a place for HIV testing (aOR=2.35, 95%CI: 1.50-3.68). Living in the rural area was a protective factor (aOR=0.52, 95%CI: 0.31-0.87). Conclusion: Older age, being divorced or widowed, living in urban area and knowledge of place for HIV testing are risk factors that fuel the HIV infection rates in women. HIV/AIDS prevention programs should be tailored to target the high-risk social demographics and behavior dynamics that pose a risk of acquiring HIV. Keywords: HIV /AIDS, Sub-Saharan Africa, HIV Prevalence, Risky Sexual-Behaviors, Prevention