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Multilevel correlates of household anthropometric typologies in Colombian mothers and their infants
Authors: Parra DC, Gomez LF, Iannotti L, Haire-Joshu D, Sebert Kuhlmann AK, and Brownson RC.
Source: Global Health, Epidemiology and Genomics , 3:e6; DOI: 10.1017/gheg.2018.4
Topic(s): Body Mass Index (BMI)
Country: Latin American/Caribbean
Published: APR 2018
Abstract: Background: The aim of this study was to establish the association of maternal, family, and contextual correlates of anthropometric typologies at the household level in Colombia using 2005 Demographic Health Survey (DHS/ENDS) data. Methods: Household-level information from mothers 18-49 years old and their children <5 years old was included. Stunting and overweight were assessed for each child. Mothers were classified according to their body mass index. Four anthropometric typologies at the household level were constructed: normal, underweight, overweight, and dual burden. Four three-level [households (n = 8598) nested within municipalities (n = 226), nested within states (n = 32)] hierarchical polytomous logistic models were developed. Household log-odds of belonging to one of the four anthropometric categories, holding 'normal' as the reference group, were obtained. Results: This study found that anthropometric typologies were associated with maternal and family characteristics of maternal age, parity, maternal education, and wealth index. Higher municipal living conditions index was associated with a lower likelihood of underweight typology and a higher likelihood of overweight typology. Higher population density was associated with a lower likelihood of overweight typology. Conclusion: Distal and proximal determinants of the various anthropometric typologies at the household level should be taken into account when framing policies and designing interventions to reduce malnutrition in Colombia. KEYWORDS: Colombia; Latin America; multilevel models; nutrition transition; obesity