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Factors Associated with Undernutrition in Children under the Age of Two Years: Secondary Data Analysis Based on the Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey 2012–2013
Authors: Jawad Tariq, Amal Sajjad, Rubeena Zakar, Muhammad Zakria Zakar, and Florian Fischer
Source: Nutrients, 10(6): 676; DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10060676
Topic(s): Child feeding
Child health
Children under five
Nutrition
Country: Asia
  Pakistan
Published: MAY 2018
Abstract: In Pakistan, 96% of the children under the age of two years do not receive an adequate diet. The main aim of this paper is to identify the sociodemographic, nutritional, and health-related factors associated with stunting, wasting, and underweight in children under the age of two years in Pakistan. Secondary data analysis was performed based on the Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey, 2012–2013. The analysis was limited to children under the age of two years (n = 984). Analysis was done using bivariate and multivariable binary logistic regression. The incidence of stunting, wasting, and underweight in children was 28.3%, 12.1%, and 27.9%, respectively. The odds of stunting, wasting, and underweight increased with the child’s age. The odds of stunting and underweight increased with the mother’s low body mass index, low access to information, high birth order of child, consanguineous marriages, father’s low education, rural settlement, poor toilet facilities, and low vitamin A consumption. The odds of wasting increased in children who were not being breastfed, but no significant relation was seen with stunting and underweight. There is a need to improve child nutritional status in Pakistan by addressing issues such as poverty, low parental education, low micronutrient intake, and targeting provinces where undernutrition was found to be higher. View Full-Text Keywords: child undernutrition; micronutrient consumption; maternal factors; Demographic and Health Survey; Pakistan
Web: http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/10/6/676/htm