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KEMATIAN IBU DI INDONESIA (Analisis Data Survei Demografi dan Kesehatan Indonesia Tahun 1994-2007) [MATERNAL MORTALITY IN INDONESIA (AN ANALYSIS OF THE 1994-2007 IDHS DATA)]
Authors: Syahmida S. Arsyad
Source: Gizi Indonesia, 32(1):51-60
Topic(s): Maternal health
Maternal mortality
Country: Asia
Published: JAN 2009
Abstract: MATERNAL MORTALITY IN INDONESIA (AN ANALYSIS OF THE 1994-2007 IDHS DATA) Maternal mortality is one of the main indicators of a community’s health status. It also reflects the performance of a country’s health system. Almost 90 percents of maternal mortality can be prevented by, among others, maternal health care programs, nutrition improvement programs, family planning programs, and increasing women’s education level. This paper has two objectives. The first objective is to describe maternal mortality ratios and its trend which are obtained from the 1994, 1997, 2002-2003 and 2007 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS) results. The second objective is to analyze factors influencing maternal mortality ratios in Indonesia. This information would be useful for policy makers to improve maternal health care programs. The 1994 IDHS used both direct and indirect methods, known as ”sisterhood method”, while the 1997, 2002-2003, and 2007 IDHS used only direct method to estimate maternal mortality rates and ratios. The surveys’ results show a declining trend in maternal mortality for the five-year period prior to the surveys. The maternal mortality ratios according to the 1994, 1997, 2002/03 and 2007 IDHS are 390, 334, 307, and 228 per 100,000 live births respectively. However, due to high sampling errors, it is difficult to conclude whether a decline in maternal mortality ratios has occurred during the last 20 years. The 1994, 1997, 2002-2003 and 2007 IDHS results also demonstrate the effects of maternal health care programs on maternal mortality ratios. Therefore, this paper concludes that the quality of maternal health care programs need to be improved, which include antenatal, delivery and postnatal care, and also family planning programs. Keywords: Maternal mortality rate and ratio, Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey, maternal health care programs.