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Socio-economic determinants of successive polio and pentavalent vaccines utilization among under-five children in Ghana
Authors: Mustapha Immurana, and Arabi U
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, 2(1): 18–29; DOI: 10.5455/ajpmph.20171129072443
Topic(s): Child health
Children under five
Country: Africa
Published: DEC 2017
Abstract: Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the factors that influence the utilization of the successive doses of polio and pentavalent vaccines among underfive children in Ghana. Method: The study used data from a cross-sectional survey in the form of the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey which was carried out between early September and mid-December, 2014. The Probit model was the empirical estimation technique. Results: Among other findings, the study revealed that the region of residence influenced the utilization of the initial and successive doses of both polio and pentavalent vaccines. Also, rising birth order of the child was revealed to negatively influence the utilization of all the doses of the polio and pentavalent vaccines. In addition, rising age of the household head was found to decrease the utilization of the third dose of the polio vaccine and the second and third doses of the pentavalent vaccine. Single mothers were also revealed to be less likely to utilize the third dose of both vaccines for their children. Moreover, employed mothers were found to be more likely to utilize all the subsequent doses of both the pentavalent and polio vaccines for their children while mothers with secondary education were more likely to utilize both the second and third doses of the polio vaccine as well as the third dose of the pentavalent vaccine for their children as compared with their uneducated counterparts. Conclusion: The study therefore concludes that public sensitization programs on childhood immunization with regional focus and ethnic rulers’ partnerships, targeting of older household heads, uneducated, unemployed, and single mothers as well as women empowerment through employment and education are effective tools in ensuring Child health utilization (immunization) in Ghana.ÿ