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Fertility Differentials in Malawi: Any Lesson Learnt from Regional Socio-economic and Demographic Variations? Fertility Differences in Malawi
Authors: Kennedy Machira, and Martin Palamuleni
Source: Journal of Human Ecology, 58(1-2): 88-97; DOI:
Topic(s): Fertility
Country: Africa
Published: JUN 2017
Abstract: In Malawi, fertility is declining gradually with an average number of 5.5 children per woman. This is despite the country’s reported improved women’s contraceptive use of 46 percent recently. The study, therefore, explored socioeconomic and demographic factors associated with fertility levels at regional level in Malawi. Using 2010 Malawi Demographic and Health Survey data and Poisson Regression Model, the correlates of fertility across regions were estimated. The study found that central region had the highest fertility levels followed by northern region. Nationally, this was attributed by women’s age, education, wealth status and year of marriage. On behaviour perspectives, it was observed that living number of children and ideal number of daughters influenced fertility position. Therefore, fostering of policies aims at implementing household based behavioural change a mong people and promotes formal education among women if a country is trying to attain low fertility levels. KEYWORDS: Age, Education, Poisson, Region, Wealth