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Gender differences in hypertension awareness, antihypertensive use and blood pressure control in Bangladeshi adults: findings from a national cross-sectional survey
Authors: Rahman M, Williams G, and Al Mamun A
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition, 36(1):23. doi: 10.1186/s41043-017-0101-5
Topic(s): Blood pressure
Country: Asia
Published: MAY 2017
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Bangladesh is facing an epidemiological transition with a growing burden of non-communicable diseases. Traditionally, hypertension and associated complications in women receive less recognition, and there is a dearth of related publications. The study aims to explore gender differences in high blood pressure awareness and antihypertensive use in Bangladeshi adults at the community level. Another objective is to identify factors associated with uncontrolled hypertension among antihypertensive users. METHODS: Data from the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS 2011) was analysed. From a nationally representative sample of 3870 males and 3955 females, aged =35 years, blood pressure and related information were collected following WHO guidelines. Logistic regression models were used to estimate adjusted odds ratio (AOR) for factors affecting blood pressure awareness, antihypertensive use and uncontrolled hypertension among males and females taking antihypertensive medications. All analyses were weighted according to the complex survey design. RESULTS: Women were more likely to have their blood pressure measured (76% vs. males 71%, p?