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Women’s empowerment and short- and long-acting contraceptive method use in Egypt
Authors: Samari G
Source: Culture, Health and Sexuality, Published online: 08 Aug 2017; DOI: 10.1080/13691058.2017.1356938
Topic(s): Contraception
Gender-based violence (GBV)
Women's health
Women’s empowerment
Country: Africa
Published: AUG 2017
Abstract: Egypt is ranked one of the most gender unequal countries, and fertility is at a two-decade high of 3.5 births per woman. Women’s empowerment is a strategy used to promote contraceptive use and lower fertility, yet evidence from the Middle East is limited. This study uses 2005, 2008 and 2014 Egyptian Demographic and Health Survey data to examine recent patterns of contraceptive method choice and how women’s empowerment is associated with contraceptive method type: none, short-acting or long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods. Using a nationally representative sample of 47,545 married women in their childbearing years, multinomial logistic regression models examine women’s agency, specifically household decision-making and attitudes towards intimate partner violence and contraceptive method type. In 2014, LARC use significantly declined and short-acting method use was higher than in 2008. Women who made household decisions and were less accepting of intimate partner violence were more likely to use LARC (vs. no method). Women who made more joint decisions with spouses were more likely to use LARC (vs. no method) compared to those making individual decisions. Findings have implications for family planning programmes, and efforts involving men to increase household gender equality and lower the acceptance of intimate partner violence may promote LARC use in Egypt.