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Birth Intervals among Multiparous Women in Indonesia
Authors: Dini Kurniawati, and Sabarinah Prasetyo
Source: Kesmas: National Public Health Journal, 10(4): 150; DOI:
Topic(s): Birth interval
Infant mortality
Maternal mortality
Country: Asia
Published: MAY 2016
Abstract: Maternal mortality rate and infant mortality rate in Indonesia are currently high. One of factors causing the high risk of maternal and infant mortality is too short birth intervals. This study aimed to learn determinants of birth intervals among multiparous women in Indonesia. This study used data from the Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey 2012 with 9,945 multiparous women. The data was analyzed using Mann Whitney, Kruskal Wallis and logistic regression tests. Median of birth intervals was 62 months and 22.8% women had birth interval less than three years. Results showed that determinants of birth intervals included maternal education, the last age of childbirth, ideal family size, the use of contraception, infant mortality records and survival of preceding child (p value < 0.05). The age of childbirth was a major risk factor of too short birth intervals. It needs the improvement of communic