|Berat Lahir dan Kelangsungan Hidup Neonatal di Indonesia|
||Kesmas: National Public Health Journal, 7(1): 8; DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21109/kesmas.v7i1.70
||Neonatal mortality rate in Indonesia was ranked as 10th highest in the world because of high prevalence of infants low birth weight. This research used Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey 2007 data with retrospective cohort design. The purposes of the research are to measure the probability of
neonatal survival according to birth weight and to identify effect of birth weight on neonatal survival. The number of sample is 11.748 infants with inclusion criteria born alive, single birth, and at least 28 days old when interviewed.
The study found the cumulative probability of neonatal survival in Indonesia was 98,49% and getting lower according to birth weight, at neonatal with low birth weight is 95,68% and 89,83% at neonatal with very low weight. Birth weight modification related to maternal parity, so that the influence of birth weight on neonatal survival depent on the maternal parity. Low birth weight infants of multiparous and grandemultiparous maternal parity risk 2,9 and 3,9 times experienced death in the neonatal period compared with normal birth weight. Early interventions to prevent low birth weight and intensive care to infants with low birth weight are suggested.
Keywords: Birth weight, neonatal survival, maternal parity