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Trends and Determinants of Contraceptive Use among Young (15-24 Year) Married Women: A Secondary Analysis Based on the 2008 and 2014 Egypt Demographic and Health Surveys
Authors: El-Moselhy, Essam A., Moftah, Farag M., Darwish, Manal M., Abo-Rahma, and Alyaa H.
Source: Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine, 66:170-187; DOI: 10.12816/0034650
Topic(s): Contraception
Women's health
Country: Africa
Published: JAN 2017
Abstract: Background: young females in Egypt still face a number of challenges regarding their reproductive health (RH) despite efforts to enhance it. Importance of young women's reproductive choices arises from the concept that early childbearing can impair their health and their productive participation in community. Aim: the paper aimed to explore the key determinant of the contraceptive (CC) use amongst young married females in Egypt using the 2008 and 2014 Egypt Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) with a comprehensive look at the CC use changes occurred in the study period 2008-2014. Subjects and Methods: data from the 2008 and 2014 EDHS were secondary analyzed. Variables were selected to assess their effect on CC use. Multivariable regression analyses were performed. Odds ratio was computed. Results: overall contraceptive prevalence (CP) decreased from 53.7% in 2008 to 51.2% in 2014. Traditional methods were responsible for this decrease. Younger age, being from rural Upper Egypt, husband desire for more children, no visit to health facility were the most important risk factors for not using any CC method among Egyptian young married females in 2008. Added to these factors; low women autonomy, no exposure to family planning message, in the poster and women justifying husband violence in 2014. However, region lost its significance as a determinant in 2014. Conclusions: our results discovered the determinants that modulate the CC use behavior among Egyptian young married females