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Regional Fertility Transition in India: An Analysis Using Synthetic Parity Progression Ratios
Authors: Thomas Spoorenberg, and Premchand Dommaraju
Source: International Journal of Population Research, Volume 2012, Article ID 358409, 20 pages;
Topic(s): Fertility
Country: Asia
Published: JAN 2012
Abstract: This paper examines various aspects of regional fertility transition in India. Using nationally representative data from three rounds of National Family Health Surveys (NFHSs) conducted in India, we compare and contrast fertility patterns in six regions of India for the period between 1977 and 2004. To study the fertility patterns, we use synthetic parity progression ratios which, besides providing estimates for average lifetime parity, also allow for decomposition of lifetime parity by birth order. The paper also examines changes in birth intervals over time and across the six regions. The results confirm the persistence of regional differences in fertility. However, in all regions fertility is declining and it is possible that fertility rates will converge in the near future. The main reason for fertility decline in all regions is the reduction in third- and higher-order births. There has not been any significant decline in first and second births, even in regions with low fertility. In addition to the discussion of the substantive results, the paper also comments on the quality of NFHS data.