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Spatial Divisions and Fertility in India
Authors: Vijayan Pillai, and Mashooq Salehin
Source: International Journal of Population Research, Volume 2012, Article ID 235747, 6 pages;
Topic(s): Fertility
Spatial analysis
Country: Asia
Published: APR 2012
Abstract: The Indian subcontinent can be divided into four geographical divisions. In this paper, we characterize three of the four divisions; the Northern Plains, the Deccan Plateau, and the Northern Mountains or the Himalayan as regions with dissimilar climatic and physical resources. It is argued that human adaptations to these variations would be varied by differences in social organization of production and consumption resulting in differences in fertility differences across the three divisions. We found significant differences in the median age at motherhood as well as in the total family size. The effects of the three selected fertility determinants, age at marriage, years of woman's education, and level of child loss on family size also varied significantly across the three divisions. There is considerable homogeneity with respect to fertility levels within the zones considered in this study.