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Daughter Discrimination and Future Sex Ratio at Birth in India
Authors: Tarun K. Roy, and Aparajita Chattopadhyay
Source: Asian Population Studies, 8(3):281-299, DOI: 10.1080/17441730.2012.714669
Topic(s): Family planning
Fertility preferences
Sex preference
Country: Asia
Published: AUG 2012
Abstract: This paper examines recent trends in sex ratio at birth in all the major states of India, based on three rounds of the National Family Health Survey. It finds evidence of an increase in the ratio, particularly at the second-order birth among women having a first daughter in many states in the northwestern region of the country. Also, there are signs of daughter aversion emerging in Odisha, an eastern state. Based on parity progression ratios and the trend in sex selection, an attempt is made to estimate the peak of sex ratio at birth in India. With moderate intensification in sex selection in the northwestern region, sex ratio at birth is expected to reach a peak of 117–119 males per 100 females around the period 2021–2026. If, in addition, sex selection spreads further in the southeastern region, the sex ratio at birth in India could even increase to a level of 124. Keywords • sex ratio at birth, • discrimination, • parity progression ratio, • projection, • India