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Socioeconomic and Demographic Predictors of Potable Water and Sanitation Access in Ghana
Authors: Ellis Adjei Adams, Godfred O. Boateng, and Jonathan A. Amoyaw
Source: Social Indicators Research, First online: 24 February 2015: 1-15; DOI: 10.1007/s11205-015-0912-y
Topic(s): Environment and natural resources
Environmental health
Water treatment
Country: Africa
Published: FEB 2015
Abstract: Lack of access to potable water and good sanitation is still one of the most challenging public health concerns of the twenty-first century despite steady progress over recent decades. Almost a billion people globally lack access to safe water; over two billion live without adequate sanitation facilities. The challenge is even more daunting for Sub-Saharan Africa where coverage levels for both potable water and sanitation remain critically low. The urgent need to address the issue calls for adequate understanding of the socio-economic dimensions. Using the 2008 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey, we investigated the socio-economic and demographic factors associated with access to potable water and improved sanitation facilities. Our generalized linear models reveal that income, education, household size, and region are significant predictors of improved water and sanitation access. Our discussion and conclusion sections highlight the implications of the study results for water policy formulation and implementation in Ghana, and broadly for other developing countries.