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Multidimensional Poverty Reduction in India between 1999 and 2006: Where and How?
Authors: Sabina Alkire, and Suman Seth
Source: World Development, 72:93–108; doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2015.02.009
Topic(s): Poverty
Country: Asia
Published: AUG 2015
Abstract: India has witnessed high economic growth since the 1980s, and a confirmed reduction in monetary poverty, particularly in poorer states. Poverty, however, has multiple dimensions. This paper thoroughly analyzes the change in multidimensional poverty in India between 1999 and 2006. We find a strong reduction in national poverty and each of its dimensions, but this has not been uniform across regions, castes, or religions. Probing further, we analyze changes in the distribution among the poor people nationally as well as within population subgroups. We find strong reductions among the poorer population nationally, but slower progress for most of the poorest groups. Key words: multidimensional poverty; poverty measurement; India; destitution; poverty dynamics; subgroup decomposition