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Traditional Wealth, Modern Goods, and Demographic Behavior in Rural Senegal
Authors: Michel Garenne
Source: World Development, 72:267–276; doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2015.03.013
Topic(s): Economics
Inequality
Wealth Index
Country: Africa
  Senegal
Published: AUG 2015
Abstract: Highlights • Modern and traditional wealth do not cover the same economic and social reality. • Modern and traditional wealth are inversely related to demographic parameters. • Modern and traditional wealth should not be mixed in a single wealth category. Summary: The study investigates the relationships of demographic indicators (fertility, mortality, marriage, education) with modern and traditional wealth in rural Senegal. Data were based on rural households interviewed in the 2011 DHS survey. An Absolute Wealth Index was computed from a list of 15 modern goods. A Traditional Wealth Index was computed from data on land and livestock per capita. Modern wealth was always associated with modern demographic behavior (lower fertility, lower mortality, higher age at marriage, higher level of education), whereas traditional wealth was not associated with fertility and mortality, and was negatively associated with marriage and education. Key words: household wealth; inequalities; modernization; demographic behavior; Senegal; Africa