Back to browse results
The trade-off between child labour and schooling in India
Authors: Anu Rammohan
Source: Education Economics, 22(5): 484-510; DOI: 10.1080/09645292.2011.641271
Topic(s): Child labor
Country: Asia
Published: SEP 2014
Abstract: In this paper, using the 2005–2006 National Family Health Survey dataset from India, we study the likelihood of a school-age child working, combining work with schooling or being idle, rather than attending school full time. Our analysis finds that with the inclusion of household chores in the child labour definition, boys are significantly more likely than girls to be full-time students and significantly less likely to be working, being idle or combining school and work. There are also significant regional differences, with children from the north-eastern states significantly more likely to be in the idle category rather than in school. The likelihood of being in the idle category is also significantly higher for older children, children with pre-school age siblings, urban children, Muslims and children from Scheduled Tribes. Finally, parental education, household wealth and land ownership are significantly and negatively correlated with the likelihood that the child is working, but land ownership does increase the risk of a child combining work and schooling.