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Multi Dimensional Deprivation in India during and after the Reforms: Do the Household Expenditure and the Family Health Surveys Present Consistent Evidence?
Authors: Ankita Mishra and Ranjan Ray
Source: Social Indicators Research, Volume (Year): 110 (2013), Issue (Month): 2 (January), Pages: 791-818
Topic(s): Body Mass Index (BMI)
Environment and natural resources
Country: Asia
Published: JAN 2013
Abstract: This paper uses the recent approach of multidimensional deprivation measures to provide a comprehensive and wide ranging assessment of changes to living standards in India during the period, 1992/93-2004/5.This covers the reforms and the immediate post reforms time periods. The study is based on the simultaneous use of two parallel data sets, namely the NSS and NFHS data sets covering proximate rounds and near identical time periods. The study is conducted both at regionally disaggregated levels and by socio economic groups. The deprivation dimensions range widely from the conventional expenditure dimensions to non expenditure dimensions such as access to drinking water and clean fuel, to health dimensions such as child stunting and the mother’s BMI. The use of decomposable deprivation measures allows the identification of regions, socio economic groups and deprivation dimensions that are contributing more than others to total deprivation. Key Words: Multidimensional Deprivation, Social Exclusion, Decomposable Deprivation Measures, Scheduled Classes and Tribes, Clean Fuel, Stunted Children.