|The association between female genital mutilation and intimate partner violence|
||Salihu HM, August EM, Salemi JL, Weldeselasse H, Sarro YS, Alio AP.
||BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 119(13):1597-605. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2012.03481.x. Epub 2012 Aug 24.
Female genital cutting (FGC)
||Objective To determine whether female genital mutilation (FGM) is a risk factor for intimate partner violence (IPV) and its subtypes (physical, sexual and emotional).
Design Population-based cross-sectional study.
Setting The study used the 2006 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) conducted in Mali.
Population A total of 7875 women aged 15–49 years who responded to the domestic violence and female circumcision modules in the 2006 administration of the DHS in Mali.
Methods Multivariable logistic regression was used to compute adjusted odds ratios (aOR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) to measure risk for IPV.
Main outcome measures The outcomes of interest were IPV and its subtypes.
Results Women with FGM were at heightened odds of IPV (aOR 2.71, 95% CI 2.17–3.38) and IPV subtypes: physical (aOR 2.85, 95% CI 2.22–3.66), sexual (aOR 3.24, 95% CI 1.80–5.82), and emotional (aOR 2.28, 95% CI 1.68–3.11). The odds of IPV increased with ascending FGM severity (P for trend <0.0001). The most elevated odds were observed among women with severe FGM, who were nearly nine times as likely to experience more than one IPV subtype (aOR 8.81, 95% CI 5.87–13.24).
Conclusions Study findings underscore the need for multi-tiered strategies, incorporating policy and education, to reduce FGM and IPV, potentially improving the holistic health and wellbeing of Malian women.