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Determinants of coexisting forms of undernutrition among under-five children: Evidence from the Bangladesh demographic and health surveys
Authors: Imran Hossain Sumon, Moyazzem Hossain, Sifat Ar Salan, Mohammad Alamgir Kabir, and Ajit Kumar Majumder
Source: Food Science and Nutrition, Volume 11, Issue 9; DOI:
Topic(s): Children under five
Country: Asia
Published: JUN 2023
Abstract: In many underdeveloped and developing countries, epidemiological and nutritional transitions are leading to an increase in malnutrition, resulting in pediatric diseases and eventually deaths. Therefore, this study intents to determine the important factors of the presence of coexisting forms of malnutrition (CFM), i.e., pediatric undernutrition. This study used the latest Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS)-2017/18 dataset consisting of 7127 under-five children. The logistic regression model has been utilized to gain explicit and in-depth knowledge of the relationship between the presence of pediatric undernutrition with socioeconomic and demographic factors. Findings revealed that about 31%, 22%, and 8% suffered from stunted, underweight, and wasted, respectively. The prevalence of stunted, underweighted, wasted, and CFM among children in the Sylhet division is higher than in any other region. A child of a secondary-level completed mother is 27.6% (OR: 0.724, 95% CI: 0.58–0.90) less likely to suffer from undernutrition than a child of an uneducated mother. The rate of undernutrition of children was less among children of highly educated parents. Age, birth order of the child, twin status, mother's age, body mass index (BMI), working status, parental educational qualification, cooking fuel, toilet facility, region, residence, and wealth index are important for determining the nutritional status of a child. The authors believe that the study findings will be helpful to the policymakers to take proper actions for achieving the sustainable development goal (SDGs) by reducing pediatric undernutrition in Bangladesh by 2030.