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Completion of the Continuum of Maternity Care in the Emerging Regions of Ethiopia: Analysis of the 2019 Demographic and Health Survey
Authors: Hussen, Abdulaziz Mohammed, Ibrahim Mohammed Ibrahim, Binyam Tilahun, Özge Tunçalp, Diederick E. Grobbee, and Joyce L. Browne
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Volume 20, issue 13; DOI:
Topic(s): Maternal mortality
Country: Africa
Published: JUL 2023
Abstract: Maternal mortality in Ethiopia was estimated to be 267 per 100,000 live births in 2020. A significant number of maternal deaths occur in the emerging regions of the country: Afar, Somali, Gambela, and Benishangul-Gumuz. Achieving the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target requires a dramatic increase in maternal healthcare utilisation during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period. Yet, there is a paucity of evidence on the continuum of maternity care utilisation in Ethiopia, particularly in the emerging regions. Therefore, this study aimed to assess completion and factors associated with the continuum of maternity care in the emerging regions of Ethiopia. This study used the 2019 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey data (n = 1431). Bivariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses were carried out to identify factors associated with the completion of the continuum of maternity care. An adjustment was made to the survey design (weight, stratification, and clustering). 9.5% (95% Confidence Interval (CI): 7.0–13.0) of women completed the continuum of maternity care (four or more antenatal care, institutional delivery, and postnatal care within 24 h). Living in Somali (adjusted Odds Ratio (aOR): 0.23, 95%CI: 0.07–0.78) and Benishangul-Gumuz (aOR 3.41, 95%CI: 1.65–7.04) regions, having a secondary and higher educational level (aOR 2.12, 95%CI: 1.13–4.00), and being in the richest wealth quintile (aOR 4.55, 95%CI: 2.04–10.15) were factors associated with completion of the continuum of maternity care. Although nearly half of the women had one antenatal care, fewer than 10% completed the continuum of maternity care. This indicates that women in these regions are not getting the maximum health benefits from maternal healthcare services, and this might contribute to the high maternal death in the regions. Moreover, the completion of the continuum of maternity care was skewed toward women who are more educated (secondary or higher education) and in the richest quintile.