Back to browse results
Prevalence and factors associated with underweight among 15–49-year-old women in Sierra Leone: a secondary data analysis of Sierra Leone demographic health survey of 2019
Authors: Eric Nzirakaindi Ikoona, Mame Awa Toure, Amon Njenga, Lucy Namulemo, Ronald Kaluya, Kassim Kamara, Freddy Wathum Drinkwater Oyat, Judith Aloyo and David Lagoro Kitara
Source: BMC Women's Health, Volume 23; DOI:
Topic(s): Nutrition
Women's health
Country: Africa
  Sierra Leone
Published: APR 2023
Abstract: Background: Women are at higher risks of being underweight than men due to biological, socio-economic, and cultural factors. Underweight women have high risks of poor obstetric outcomes. We aimed to determine the prevalence and factors associated with being underweight among women of reproductive age (15–49 years) in Sierra Leone. Methods: We used Sierra Leone Demographic and Health Survey (2019-SLDHS) data of 7,514 women aged 15 to 49 years, excluding pregnant, post-natal, lactating, and post-menopausal women. A multistage stratified sampling approach was used to select study participants, and data was collected using validated questionnaires. A multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to determine factors associated with underweight among 15–49-year-old women in Sierra Leone. Ethical approval for the study was obtained. Results: The prevalence of underweight was 6.7% (502/7,514). Underweight was likely among age-group of 15–24 years, AOR?=?2.50,95%CI:2.39–2.60;p?