|Prevalence of married women’s decision-making autonomy on contraceptive use and its associated factors in high fertility regions of Ethiopia: a multilevel analysis using EDHS 2016 data|
||Tadele Biresaw Belachew, Wubshet Debebe Negash, Desalegn Anmut Bitew and Desale Bihonegn Asmamaw
||BMC Public Health, Volume 23; DOI:https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-023-15009-y
Women's independence in reproductive health is crucial to the health of mothers and children. Couples are, however, restricted from discussing their relationship openly. Regarding this, information about women’s decision-making autonomy is low in developing countries including Ethiopia. Therefore, this study was aimed to assess married women’s decision-making autonomy on contraceptive use in high fertility regions of Ethiopia.
The study was based on secondary data analysis of the Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey 2016 data. A total weighted sample of 1157 reproductive age women was included. A multilevel mixed-effect binary logistic regression model was fitted to identify the significant associated factors of decision making autonomy on contraceptive use. Statistical significance was determined using Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) with 95% confidence interval.
Overall prevalence of decision making autonomy on contraceptive use was observed to be 17.2% (15.1, 19.5). Women's age 25–34 (AOR?=?3.19; 95% CI:1.55, 6.54), and 35–49 (AOR?=?3.59; 95% CI: 1.5, 8.36), secondary and above educational level (AOR?=?3.38; 95% CI: 1.07, 10.67), being married before 18 years (AOR?=?0.42; 95% CI:0.26, 0.68), being Muslim in religion (AOR?=?0.47; 95% CI: 0.23, 0.98), women being in urban area (AOR?=?2.73; 95% CI: 1.97, 6.35), and community media exposure (AOR?=?1.85; 95% CI: 1.15, 2.48) were associated with decision making autonomy on contraceptive use.
Women’s decision-making autonomy on contraceptive use in this study was low. Age of mothers, educational status of mothers, age at first marriage, residence, religion, and community media exposure were significant factors. Therefore, the government should promote women’s autonomy on contraceptive use as an essential component of reproductive health rights through mass media, educating, with particular attention for, youth women, and women living in rural settings.