Back to browse results
Interpregnancy Interval and Child Health Outcomes in India: Evidence from Three Recent Rounds of National Family Health Survey
Authors: Ajit Kumar Kannaujiya, Kaushalendra Kumar, Lotus McDougal, Ashish Kumar Upadhyay, Anita Raj, K S James and Abhishek Singh
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal, Volume 109, issue 1; DOI:
Topic(s): Child health
Family planning
Pregnancy outcomes
Country: Asia
Published: NOV 2022
Abstract: Introduction: Short interpregnancy interval (IPI) is a well-known risk factor for preterm births and low birth weights. However, research on the association between interpregnancy interval (IPI) and health outcomes in children under age 5 is limited in India. We examined the associations between IPI and five child health outcomes in India. Methods: We used nationally representative cross-sectional data from three rounds of National Family Health Survey (NFHS) conducted in India during 2005-06, 2015-16 and 2019-21 to examine the associations between IPI [categorized as