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Breastfeeding performance index and associated factors among children aged 0–6 months in Ethiopia: Analysis of the 2019 Ethiopia Mini Demographic and Health Survey
Authors: Getachew Tilahun Gessese, Berhanu Teshome Woldeamanuel, Takele Gezahegn Demie, Tolesa Diriba Biratu and Simegnew Handebo
Source: Frontiers in Nutrition, DOI:
Topic(s): Breastfeeding
Childhood mortality
Children under five
Country: Africa
Published: OCT 2022
Abstract: Background: Infants under the age of 6 months are commonly affected by malnutrition globally. The higher the breastfeeding performance index (BPI), the greater the advantage of breastfeeding will be. However, there is a lack of literature in the context of Ethiopia. Therefore, this study is aimed at investigating the magnitude and determinants of the breastfeeding performance index score among mothers of children under the age of 6 months in Ethiopia. Methods: This study was conducted using the 2019 Ethiopia Mini Demographic and Health Survey (EMDHS) dataset. A stratified, two-stage cluster sampling technique was used in the study. The survey data were weighted using the “svy” function in STATA version 16. Descriptive statistics, bivariable and multivariable logistic regression were employed in the analysis. An adjusted odds ratio (AOR) with a 95% confidence interval (CI) was reported. The results were considered statistically significant if the p-value was < 0.05. The goodness of fit of the model was checked using the Hosmer–Lemeshow test. Results: A total of 4,273 mothers with children under the age of 6 months were included in the analysis. Our analysis revealed that the prevalence of low breastfeeding performance index was 79.05% (95% CI: 78.01, 81.59). A unit increase in child age (AOR = 11.56; 95% CI: 6.97, 19.17), the richest wealth quintile (AOR = 2.76; 95% CI: 1.18, 6.5), a higher level of education (AOR = 5.41; 95% CI: 2.08, 14.05), being married or living with partner (AOR = 2.73; 95% CI: 1.18, 6.27), being women from Somali (AOR = 5.11; 95% CI: 2.08, 12.56), Afar (AOR = 3.03; 95% CI: 1.16, 7.91), Oromia (AOR = 1.88; 95% CI: 1.03, 3.41), Diredawa city administration (AOR = 2.89; 95% CI: 1.04, 8.07), and antenatal care (ANC) visit (AOR = 2.05; 95% CI: 1.31, 3.19) were positively associated with the low breastfeeding performance index. Conclusion: The prevalence of the low breastfeeding performance index was found to be high. Hence, the findings of the study suggest the need to target interventions aimed at improving breastfeeding performance toward mothers with higher socioeconomic and demographic status and educational status. Antenatal care clients are among the targets of the intervention.