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Role of maternal and child health services on the uptake of contraceptive use in India: A reproductive calendar approach
Authors: Anjali Bansal ,P. Shirisha,Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, and Laxmi Kant Dwivedi
Source: PLOS ONE , Volume 17, issue 6; DOI:
Topic(s): Contraception
Health equity
Maternal health
Country: Asia
Published: JUN 2022
Abstract: Background: According to the latest round of National Family Health Survey—4 (NFHS (2015–16)) maternal and child health care (MCH) services improved drastically compared to NFHS-3. Previous studies have established that the uptake of MCH services increases the likelihood of early adoption of contraceptives among women. So, our study aims to examine if the early initiation of contraceptive has proportionately improved with the recent increase in MCH services. Methods: This study used the reproductive calendar of NFHS-4, 2015–16, to evaluate contraceptive initiation within 12 months after the last birth among 1,36,962 currently married women in India. A complementary log-log regression model was created to examine the link between the time of initiation of contraception and MCH care at the national level. Results: It was found that only a quarter of women within 12 months from last birth have adopted the modern contraceptive method. Among those majority of the females adopted sterilization mostly at the time of birth. The multivariable model identified, that the period of initiation of contraceptive depends on the gender composition of children and access to MCH services. It was found that the odds of early initiation of contraceptive use was higher when a women have only son (AOR = 1.15,95% CI– 1.22, 1.18) compared to women with only daughter. Also, it was found that women who have availed MCH services were more likely to adopt contraceptives earlier. Conclusion: The number of women availing MCH services has increased in India, but it did not result in a proportional increase in initiation of contraception after childbirth. Facilitating family planning services alongside MCH services will be beneficial in low-resource settings. It is a golden opportunity to educate and encourage women for early adoption of contraceptive.