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Community and individual level determinants and spatial distribution of deworming among preschool age children in Ethiopia: spatial and multi-level analysis
Authors: Daniel Gashaneh Belay, Melaku Hunie Asratie, Moges Gashaw, Nuhamin Tesfa Tsega, Mastewal Endalew and Fantu Mamo Aragaw
Source: BMC Public Health, Volume 22, issue 872; DOI:
Topic(s): Child health
Spatial analysis
Country: Africa
Published: APR 2022
Abstract: Background: Soil-transmitted helminths caused millions of morbidity of preschool age children in sub-Saharan Africa with low socio-economic status and lack of clean water and sanitation. In Ethiopia, nearly half of children are affected by intestinal parasites. Despite this prevalence, deworming medication utilization among preschool age children is low. Hence, this study aimed to assess the community and individual level determinants and spatial distributions of deworming among preschool age children in Ethiopia. Methods: Crossectional collected 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey datasets with a total weighted 8146 children 12–59?months old were used for this study. The data were cleaned, extracted, and analyzed using STAT Version 16 software and exported to MS excel for spatial analysis. In addition, ArcGIS and SaTScan software were used to detect the geographic distribution of deworming utilization among preschool age children. Results: The magnitude of deworming among preschool age children in Ethiopia was 13.32% (95% CI: 12.60, 14.08) and ranges from the lowest 3.34% (95% CI: 1.01, 10.45) Afar region to the highest 28.66% (95% CI:24.95, 32.69) Tigray region. In multilevel multivariable logistics regression analysis; variables such as secondary and above women education [AOR?=?1.89; 95%CI; 1.32, 2.73], women who have occupation [AOR?=?1.47; 95%CI; 1.23, 1.76], child with 12–23?months old [AOR?=?2.00; 95%CI; 1.62, 2.46], having ANC visit [AOR?=?1.68; 95%CI; 1.35, 2.08], households that have media exposure [AOR?=?1.50; 95%CI; 1.22, 1.85] were significantly associated with deworming among preschool age children. Afar, Eastern Amhara, Dire Dewa, Harari, Somalia, and Eastern SNNPE regions were cold spot regions with Global Moran’s I value 0.268 (p?