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Determinants of under-five mortality in Ethiopia using the recent 2019 Ethiopian demographic and health survey data: nested shared frailty survival analysis
Authors: Belete Achamyelew Ayele, Sofonyas Abebaw Tiruneh, Melkalem Mamuye Azanaw, Habtamu Shimels Hailemeskel, Yonas Akalu and Asnakew Achaw Ayele
Source: Archives of Public Health, Volume 80, issue137; DOI:
Topic(s): Child health
Children under five
Country: Africa
Published: MAY 2022
Abstract: Background: Worldwide, there is remarkable progress in child survival in the past three decades. Ethiopia is off-track on sustainable development targets in under-five mortality since 2020. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate time to death and its associated factors among under-five children in Ethiopia. Methods: Nationally representative demographic and health survey data were used for this study. A total of 5772 under-five children were included. Data were analyzed using R software. Semi-parametric nested shared frailty survival analysis was employed to identify factors affecting under-five mortality. Adjusted hazard ratio (AHR) with 95% Confidence interval (CI) was reported and log-likelihood was used for model comparison. Statistical significance was declared at P-value?