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Magnitude and determinants of intimate partner violence against women in East Africa: multilevel analysis of recent demographic and health survey
Authors: Sewnet Adem Kebede, Adisu Birhanu Weldesenbet and Biruk Shalmeno Tusa
Source: BMC Women's Health, Volume 22, issue 74; DOI:
Topic(s): Intimate Partner Violence (IPV)
Women's status
Country: Africa
  Multiple African Countries
Published: APR 2022
Abstract: Background: Violence against women is a significant public health problem, and human rights abuse, and is associated with multiple adverse physical, mental, sexual, and reproductive health effects. The current study aimed to determine the magnitude of intimate partner violence (IPV) and its determinant factors in East African countries. Methods: We utilized the most recent demographic and health survey data from 11 East African countries, which was comprised of a weighted sample of 55,501 ever-married women. A multilevel multivariable logistic regression analysis was applied. We used an adjusted odds ratio with a 95% CI and a p value?=?0.05 in the multilevel logistic model to declare significant factors associated with IPV. Results: The overall prevalence of all forms of IPV in East African countries was 32.66% [95% CI 32.27, 33.05], with the highest IPV occurring in Uganda (14.93%) and the lowest IPV recorded in Comoros (0.87%). In the multivariable multilevel logistic regression model, women’s education, residence, sex of household head, current pregnancy, husband drinking alcohol, attitude towards wife-beating husband controlling behavior, and women’s decision-making autonomy were significantly associated with IPV. Conclusion: The risk factors noted above increase the likelihood of a woman experiencing IPV. Therefore, we recommend establishing effective health and legal response services for IPV, raising awareness of the existing legislation service and improving its application, strengthening legislations on purchasing and selling of alcohol, strengthening joint (both husband and wife) decision-making power by empowering women, improving the educational level of women, and establishing measures to break the culture of societal tolerance towards IPV