|Prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes and the relative importance of its risk factors among adults in Bangladesh: Findings from a nationwide survey|
||Islam Rakibul M., Magliano, Dianna J., Khan Md. Nuruzzaman, Hossain Mohammad Bellal, Rana Juwel, Oldroyd John C.
||Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, Volume 185; DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2022.109228
Body Mass Index (BMI)
To estimate the prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes, and to identify the relative importance of risk factors for undiagnosed diabetes among Bangladeshi adults.
Data from 11, 421 Bangladeshi adults aged 18 years and older available from the most recent nationally representative Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2017–18 were used. Anthropometric measurements and fasting blood glucose samples were taken as part of the survey. Prevalence estimates of undiagnosed diabetes was age-standardised with direct standarisation, and risk factors were identified using multilevel mix-effects Poisson regression models with robust variance.
The overall age-standardised prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes was 6.0% (95 %CI, 5.5–6.4%) (men: 6.1%, women: 5.9%). Risk factors associated with undiagnosed diabetes were older age, elevated body mass index (BMI), highest wealth quintile, hypertension, and being male. The top two modifiable risk factors contributing over 50% to undiagnosed diabetes were BMI and wealth quintiles.
Undiagnosed diabetes affects a substantial proportion of Bangladeshi adults. Since elevated BMI and the highest wealth quintile are strong risk factors, these offer an opportunity for early detection and screening to reduce undiagnosed diabetes in Bangladesh. In addition, wide-reaching awareness campaigns among the general public, clinicians, and policymakers are needed.