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Contribution of modifiable risk factors on the burden of diabetes among women in reproductive age-group in India: a population based cross-sectional study
Authors: Parul Puri, Apurba Shil, Aishwarya Shetty, Bidita Dhar, Shri Kant Singh, Sanghamitra Pati, Baki Billah
Source: Journal of Public Health Policy, DOI:10.1057/s41271-021-00334-6
Topic(s): Body Mass Index (BMI)
Country: Asia
Published: JAN 2022
Abstract: The diabetes burden is rapidly accelerating in India, particularly since the 2000s. We explore the burden and contribution of modifiable risk factors in diabetes among reproductive women across geographic regions of India. The study uses data from the National Family Health Survey in India 2015-2016, Census of India 2011, and World Population Prospects 2015. We computed Population Attributable Fractions and the number of total and estimated avoidable diabetic cases across regions. The prevalence of diabetic cases in India were 24.4 per 1000 women, varying across geographic regions. Diabetes affected around 8.2 million women (15-49 years) in India. Overweight (PAF = 19.5%) and obesity (PAF = 18.3%) contributed to the diabetes burden; if mitigated optimally, these can reduce diabetic cases by 2.8 million in India. Controlling diabetes should be region specific for maximum impact. Extending chronic disease screening during maternal and child health consultations might help decelerate the growing menace of diabetes in the country.