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Modern Contraceptive Methods Predict Hemoglobin Levels Among Women of Childbearing Age from DHS 2016
Authors: Anissa Abebe Teshome, Wondu Garoma Berra, and Aschalew Fikru Huryi
Source: Open Access Journal of Contraception, Vol. 13; 1-8 DOI:
Topic(s): Anemia
Body Mass Index (BMI)
Women's health
Country: Africa
Published: JAN 2022
Abstract: This study aimed to study the association of different modern contraceptive methods and anemia on women of childbearing age. The study was conducted based on secondary data from Ethiopia demographic and health surveys (EDHS) in 2016. The study included 12,981, women of childbearing age. The dependent variable is anemia which was defined based on the level of hemoglobin concentration, and was classified as non-anemic (above 12 g/dL) or anemic (below 12 g/dL). The association between anemia with modern contraceptive method and BMI was analyzed using a logistic regression model. A total of 12,891 non-pregnant women were recruited for this study, 26.3% (95% CI: 25.9 to 27.1) had anemia, and hemoglobin level was 12.9 ± 1.7. The current use of modern contraceptives has substantially reduced the odds of anemia by 50% compared with non-users. Compared to barrier methods, individual modern contraceptive use showed higher odds ratio of, oral contraceptive pills (OCP) 0.6 (95% CI: 0.45 to 1.12), injectables 0.59 (95% CI: 0.24 to 1.79), implant 0.72 (95% CI: 0.60 to 0.86) and significantly reduces the risk of anemia. In addition to the contraceptive method, BMI found to improve anemia and the underweight women showed significant effect on an anemia (OR 2.20 (95% CI 1.58– 2. 62)) P = 0.000. The use of hormonal contraceptive methods reduces anemia among women of childbearing age. Moreover, there is an association between BMI and anemia.