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Individual and community-level determinants of overweight and obesity among urban men: Further analysis of the Ethiopian demographic and health survey
Authors: Yohannes Tekalegn, Zinash Teferu Engida, Biniyam Sahiledengle, Heather L. Rogers, Kenbon Seyoum, Demelash Woldeyohannes, Birhan Legese, Tadesse Awoke Ayele
Source: PLOS ONE , DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0259412
Topic(s): Men's health
Rural-urban differentials
Country: Africa
Published: NOV 2021
Abstract: ackground: Overweight and obesity have become a serious public health problem in both developed and developing countries, particularly in urban areas. However, there are limited studies conducted to identify the risk factors of overweight and obesity in Ethiopia, especially among men. Therefore, this study aimed to assess individual and community level determinants of overweight and obesity among urban men in Ethiopia. Methods: This study used the 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) data. A weighted sample of 2259 urban men aged 15-59 years were included in this analysis. A multilevel logistic regression model was used to assess the determinants of overweight and obesity among the study participants. Results: Men aged 30-44 years old (AOR = 3.1, 95% CI: 2.3-4.11), 45-59 years old (AOR = 4.8, 95% CI: 3.4-6.9), married (AOR = 1.7, 95% CI: 1.3-2.2), with secondary education (AOR = 2.7, 95% CI: 1.6-4.7), with higher education (AOR = 3.6, 95% CI: 2.1-6.2), watching television at least once a week (AOR = 1.7, 95% CI: 1.1-2.7), being from high rich communities (AOR = 2.4, 95% CI: 1.5-3.7), and living in three metropolises (Addis Ababa, Harari, Diredawa) were more likely to be overweight or obese (AOR = 1.8, 95% CI: 1.1-2.9). However, currently unemployed men were less likely to be overweight or obese (AOR = 0.5, 95% CI: 0.3-0.7).