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Intimate Partner Violence and Pregnancy Termination in Armenia: Evidence from Nationally-Representative Survey Data
Authors: Nandeeta Samad, Pranta Das, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Abdul-Aziz Seidu, James Boadu Frimpong, Joshua Okyere, John Elvis Hagan Jr., Mohammad Hayatun Nabi, and Mohammad Delwer Hossain Hawlader
Source: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education, Vol. 11, Iss. 2; DOI:10.3390/ejihpe11020022
Topic(s): Abortion
Intimate Partner Violence (IPV)
Country: Asia
Published: MAR 2021
Abstract: Intimate partner violence has been associated with numerous consequences for women, including pregnancy termination. This study examined the association between predictive capacity of intimate partner violence and pregnancy termination among women in Armenia. The study analyzed the 2015–16 Armenia Demographic and Health Survey (ADHS) data on women aged 15–49 (Mean: 31.49; Standard Deviation, SD: 9.51). Marital control exercised by husbands, ever experienced physical violence, sexual violence, and emotional violence by husbands were the four indicators of intimate partner violence used in this study. To assess the association between intimate partner violence and pregnancy termination, a binary logistic regression model was fitted. After controlling for confounders, we found that women whose husbands exercised marital control were 26% more likely to experience pregnancy termination, compared to women whose husbands did not exercise marital control (adjusted odds ratio (aOR): 1.26, 95% Confidence interval (CI): 1.03–1.53). Women who ever experienced sexual violence were about 10 times likely to experience pregnancy termination than women who did not experience sexual violence (aOR: 9.76, 95% CI: 1.91–49.96). Both ever experienced physical violence and emotional violence did not have any significant associations with pregnancy termination. Forms of intimate partner violence are associated with pregnancy termination. The findings of this study provide evidence for government and policymakers to formulate, modify, and implement policies and program that target both men and women regarding the prevailing intimate partner violence and its consequences. Strengthening the policy implementation will ensure that women are empowered to make decisions about their reproductive health. Making husbands and their family members aware of the basics and consequences of intimate partner violence and focusing on child cognitive development which can be hampered due to the prevalence violence in families are recommended.