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Clustering of lifestyle risk factors among adult population in India: A cross-sectional analysis from 2005 to 2016
Authors: Rufi Shaikh and Junaid Khan
Source: PLOS ONE , Vol. 16, no. 1; DOI:
Topic(s): Adult health
Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)
Wealth Index
Country: Asia
Published: JAN 2021
Abstract: Introduction: Individual's early life style and health behaviors are directly linked to chronic non-communicable diseases. Considering the increased burden of NCDs during the last two decades, the aim of this study is to assess co-occurrence/clustering of lifestyle risk factors and its association with different socio-demographic and economic characteristics among adult men and women in India from 2005-2016. Methods: This study utilized the data from the National Family Health Survey 2005-06 and 2015-16 survey rounds. Multinomial logistic regression is employed to evaluate co-occurrence of multiple risk factors among adult men and women of different socio-economic and demographic characteristics to identify the subgroups with elevated risk of clustering of multiple unhealthy lifestyle risk factors. Results: More adult men in India tend to exhibit clustering of multiple non-communicable disease risk factors than females. Individuals between 30-49 years of age, residing in urban areas, the population with no education, separated couples and those from poor economic strata are the specific population subgroups show higher prevalence of co-occurrence of multiple risk factors. The regional pattern of clustering of risk factors shows that the prevalence of co-occurrence of multiple risk factors is higher among men and women from the North-Eastern part of India compared to the other regions of the country. Conclusion: The prevalence of clustering of multiple risk factors associated with chronic NCDs is substantially high and has increased between 2005-06 to 2015-16. India may therefore experience a significant increase in the burden of chronic non-communicable diseases in the coming years. We therefore conclude that appropriate strategies should be implemented by policy makers and the government to reduce the overall health burden of NCDs due to lifestyle habits.