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Spousal Violence in India: Role of gender relative status
Authors: Bal Govind Chauhan*1 and Suresh Jungari2
Source: Demography India, 49(1): 124-139
Topic(s): Domestic violence
Country: Asia
Published: JUN 2020
Abstract: Abstract: The prime objective of this paper is to study the spousal violence against women through gender relative status approach. This study utilized data from the fourth round of National Family Health Survey (NFHS 4). Descriptive statistics and multivariate techniques have been used for data analysis. The main explanatory variable was gender inequity, which reflects the multidimensional aspects of women’s autonomy and the inequality between women and their partners. Results suggest that about one fourth of the Indian women had experienced emotional, physical or sexual violence from their spouse in the last one year. In both the adjusted and unadjusted models, the risk of all types of violence was lower among women who had jointly taken a decision with their spouse or partner, had unequal level of schooling compared to their spouse, had the same level of earning as that of their spouse, and when both wanted the same number of children. Gender inequities are significant predictors of spousal violence among women in India. An exploration of the causal link between multidimensional aspects of gender inequity and spousal violence will be substantial for developing interventions to diminish the risk of spousal violence and should be considered a public health research priority. Keywords: Spousal Violence, Gender Egalitarian, Norms, Logistic regression, India