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Linkages between occupation and elevated blood pressure among men in India: a cross-sectional study
Authors: Chander Shekhar, and Apurba Shil
Source: International Journal of Public Health, Published online; DOI: 10.1007/s00038-020-01411-5
Topic(s): Blood pressure
Men's health
Country: Asia
Published: JUL 2020
Abstract: Objectives The study aims to examine the linkages between occupation and elevated blood pressure among men aged25–54 years in India.Methods The study is based on the National Family Health Survey India, 2015–16. Age-standardized prevalence rates, v2tests and multivariable ordered logistic regression mode ls were used to fulfill the study objectives.Results In India, more than five out of hundred men of age group 25–54 years are suffering from moderately or severelyelevated blood pressure levels. The findings depict an occupation wise inequality in the elevated blood pressure levels. Menbelonging to professional-managerial-technical (PR = 6.42 per 100 men) and sales (PR = 6.10 per 100 men) occupationalgroups are facing a much higher burden. From the fitted multivariable ordered logistic models, we found that highlyeducated-unemployed and married- unemployed men were found to be at higher risk of elevated blood pressure levels.Conclusions The study found linkages between the occupation of men and elevated blood pressure levels in India. Urgentattention is needed to the vulnerable occupational groups like professional-tec hnical-managerial, clerical, and sales witha special focus to the unemployed cohort of the country.Keywords Occupation ? Elderly ? Blood pressure ? Non-communicable diseases ? India