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Correlates of tobacco quit attempts and missed opportunity for tobacco cessation among the adult population in India
Authors: Pradhan MR, and Patel SK
Source: Addictive Behaviors, 95: 82-90; DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2019.03.003
Topic(s): Adult health
Tobacco use
Country: Asia
Published: AUG 2019
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Tobacco cessation is crucial to reduce tobacco-related diseases and premature deaths. Quitting efforts can be enhanced through brief routine interventions at health facilities because healthcare providers are highly trusted, resulting in stronger adherence to their advice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study used data on tobacco users aged 15-49?years (n?=?93,522) collected as part of the fourth round of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) 2015-16. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were carried out using STATA (version 13) to understand the socioeconomic and demographic correlates of tobacco quit attempts and advice to quit by healthcare providers. GIS map has been used to show inter-state variations in quit attempts and advice. RESULTS: Thirty per cent of the tobacco users were found to have attempted to quit tobacco. Education, mass media exposure, economic status, and chronic disease emerged as enablers, while alcohol use and social backwardness came out as barriers to quit attempts. Quit advice from the healthcare providers was found not to be given frequently (51%) and varied significantly by the socioeconomic and demographic profile of the users. Not all of the tobacco users attempting to quit had been advised to quit, indicating a missed opportunity to intervene and reinforce quitting at a health facility. CONCLUSIONS: Fewer attempts to quit among the adolescents, the less educated, and the users from the poorest households may increase the burden of tobacco-attributable diseases unless timely interventions are made. Better training of the healthcare providers in administering and recommending tobacco cessation and emphasizing on the value of cessation counselling is urgently required to enhance quitting practices and improve health. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. KEYWORDS: Adult; Cessation; Correlates; India; Tobacco