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Timely initiation of breastfeeding in Zimbabwe: evidence from the demographic and health surveys 1994–2015
Authors: Sanni Yaya, Ghose Bishwajit, Gebretsadik Shibre, and Amos Buh
Source: International Breastfeeding Journal , 15(10): 1-7; DOI: 10.1186/s13006-020-00255-2
Topic(s): Breastfeeding
Country: Africa
Published: FEB 2020
Abstract: Background Timely initiation of breastfeeding or breastfeeding within 60?min of birth has been shown to be associated with significantly lower risk of infant mortality. The World Health Organization recommends starting breastfeeding within the first hour of birth, yet many women in sub-Saharan Africa do not observe this recommendation. To date, there is limited evidence of timely initiation of breastfeeding for Zimbabwe. Therefore, we undertook this study with the aim of calculating the trend in timely initiation of breastfeeding and to explore the correlates. Methods We used five rounds of Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Survey data conducted between 1999 and 2015. Participants were 15,923 mothers currently breastfeeding or who had a childbirth within five years preceding the surveys. Outcome variable was self-reported timing of timely breastfeeding for singleton births which was categorized as early (